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ANIMALCHANGE An Integration of Mitigation and Adaptation Options for Sustainable Livestock Production under Climate Change


AnimalChange confirmed the key role livestock can potentially play in mitigating climate change through the development of more productive and resilient – climate smart – food systems.
In the short term, adaptation efforts in the European Union may focus on extreme weather events and emerging diseases. Over the longer term, as average temperatures, rainfall and CO2 concentration in the atmosphere evolve and impact grass and crop yields, geographical distribution of livestock and feeding strategies will also need to evolve.
The project revealed potential synergies in mitigation and adaptation (e.g. legume introduction in pasture), but also identified substantial economic and social risks arising from allowing producers and consumers to carry the entire adaptation burden. More research and policy work is therefore needed in the area of risk analysis as well as technical and institutional management of climatic risk.
Pursuing mitigation and adaptation objectives may amplify the existing dichotomy between industrialized and grass-based production systems and accelerate consolidation trends in the sector. Project findings urge public policies and multi-stakeholder initiatives to address these issues and prevent negative economic, social and equity outcomes.

Project information


Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (France)


- European Research Institutes/Universities
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique – (France)
Aarhus University (Denmark)
Irish Agriculture and Food Development Authority (Ireland)
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Aberystwyth University - Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Science (United Kingdom)
Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (The Netherlands)
Institute of Botany and Ecophysiology, Szent Istvan University (Hungary)
Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (France)
Federal Department of Economic Affairs - Agroscope Swiss Federal Research Station (Switzerland)
Scottish Agricultural College (United Kingdom)
Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (France)
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria)
INRA Transfert (France)

- Animal production industries
PROVIMI (The Netherlands)
FertiPrado (Portugal)

- Institutions from ICPC countries and international organisations
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Brazil)
Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques de Tunisie (Tunisia)
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (Senegal)
University of Pretoria (South Africa)
International Livestock Research Institute (Kenya)
AgResearch New Zealand – GHG Research Centre (New Zealand)
European Federation of Animal Science, EAAP (Italy)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Italy)
European Commission - DG Joint Research – Institute for Environment and Sustainability (Belgium)

Source of funding


Reference information


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