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Publications and Reports

EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 (2011)


The EU Biodiversity Strategy aims to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU and help stop global biodiversity loss by 2020. It reflects the commitments taken by the EU in 2010, within the international Convention on Biological Diversity.

Current rates of species extinction are unparalleled. Driven mainly by human activities that cause habitat loss, climate change and populations over-exploitation, species are currently being lost 100 to 1,000 times faster than the natural rate. In the EU, only 17 % of habitats and species and 11 % of key ecosystems protected under EU legislation are in a favourable state. This strategy is aimed at halting the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 2020 and speeding up the EU's transition towards a resource efficient and green economy. It is an integral part of the Europe 2020 Strategy, and in particular the resource efficient Europe flagship initiative.

The 2020 Biodiversity strategy includes six mutually supportive and inter-dependent targets that respond to the objectives of the 2020 headline target. They will all help to halt biodiversity loss and the degradation of ecosystem services, with each seeking to address a specific issue: protecting and restoring biodiversity and associated ecosystem services (targets 1 and 2), enhancing the positive contribution of agriculture and forestry and reducing key pressures on EU biodiversity (targets 3, 4 and 5), and stepping up the EU’s contribution to global biodiversity (target 6). Each target is broken down into a package of actions designed to respond to the specific challenge addressed by the target. The actions will be subject to impact assessments where necessary.

Reference information

European Commission


conservation, ecosystems services, targets

Climate impacts

Extreme Temperatures, Water Scarcity, Flooding, Sea Level Rise, Droughts, Storms, Ice and Snow


Sector Policies



Geographic characterisation


Document Actions