Country profiles





The sources used to compile the health and adaptation information for country profiles vary across countries. For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles) and 2019 adaptation reporting under the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. These two reporting mechanisms are together referred to here as “EU official reporting on adaptation”. Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until July 21, 2021), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021), the Adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches (2018) and the WHO study on Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018) are presented. Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information sources for non-EU member countries of the EEA are more limited. 

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Hungary are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

2nd National Strategy on Climate Change

Climate change and health Report – 2020

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Information from EU official reporting on adaptation.  GovReg reporting (2021), MMR reporting (2019)

The National Adaptation Strategy (NAS, part of the Second National Climate Change Strategy, 2018 [editors]) defines the Hungarian framework and opportunities for adapting to climate change. The defined adaptation instruments are based on a detailed situation analysis that describes the expected effects of climate change on Hungarian natural resources (waters, soil, biodiversity and forests) and the expected human and socioeconomic consequences of climate change in priority fields. One of these fields is human health. Additionally, the document identifies the short- (2018-2020), mid- (2021-2030) and long-term (2031-2050) priority sectoral action lines and tasks in the priority fields, such as human health.

In the field of adaptation, the main tool is the National Adaptation Geo-Information System (developed in its first phase from Norway and EEA grants between 2013-2016 and improved further from Energy Efficiency and Environment OP fund between 2017-2020). The system is developed and operated by the Hungarian Mining and Geological Survey (HGMS); and its main function is to support national climate policy and local government decision making, providing its target groups with regularly updated data from climate observation and modelling, and data about climate change impacts and consequences and potential adaptation measures by sectors or vulnerability topics. Among the latter ones the vulnerability to floods, flash floods and inland water inundations; the sensitivity of drinking water reservoirs; the exposure to draughts; the extreme weather-related vulnerability of housing stock; and the human health-related vulnerability to heat waves can be mentioned.

Information from WHO publication. Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018)

Climate adaptation tasks related to human health are included in the national environmental protection programme.

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Hungary