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Country profiles





The sources used to compile the health and adaptation information for country profiles vary across countries. For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles) and 2019 adaptation reporting under the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. These two reporting mechanisms are together referred to here as “EU official reporting on adaptation”. Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until July 21, 2021), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021), the Adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches (2018) and the WHO study on Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018) are presented. Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information sources for non-EU member countries of the EEA are more limited. 

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Ireland are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

National adaptation framework (2018) 

Health. Climate Change Sectoral Adaptation Plan 2019-2024. Prepared under the National Adaptation Framework   

Healthy Ireland Strategic Action Plan 2021-2025

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Information from EU official reporting on adaptation. GovReg reporting (2021), MMR reporting (2019)

The National Adaptation Framework (2018 [editors]) identifies twelve sectors required to prepare adaptation plans by 30 September 2019. Sectoral plans are grouped under four thematic areas, one of which is Public Health. The department of health prepared the sectoral adaptation plan for health for 2019-2024. The sectoral plans describe and assess the extent of the risks presented by climate change to the sector, and present contingency plans to address these risks and ensure climate resilience of the sector. They include actions to mainstream adaptation into policy and administration at the sectoral level. In addition, they include actions to improve cooperation and coherence across other sectors and with the Local Government sector. For example, actions in the Clare County Council Local Adaptation Strategy are grouped around the six themes of Local Adaptation Governance and Business Operations, Infrastructure and Built Environment, Land use and Development, Drainage and Flood Management, Natural Resources and Cultural Infrastructure, Community Health and Wellbeing.

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Ireland