Country profiles





The sources used to compile the health and adaptation information for country profiles vary across countries. For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles) and 2019 adaptation reporting under the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. These two reporting mechanisms are together referred to here as “EU official reporting on adaptation”. Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until July 21, 2021), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021), the Adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches (2018) and the WHO study on Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018) are presented. Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information sources for non-EU member countries of the EEA are more limited. 

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Liechtenstein are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Liechtenstein (2018) 

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Information from EU official reporting on adaptation. GovReg reporting (2021), MMR reporting (2019)

No GovReg reporting was submitted in 2021. All information here and on the Climate-ADAPT Country profile was reported under the MMR in 2019.

Liechtenstein’s Adaptation Strategy (2018 [editors]) focuses on the scope of responsibility and consists of two parts: an adaptation strategy and an action plan. Key elements of the adaptation strategy are fundamental objectives and principles of adaptation, crucial common challenges for adaptation and adaptation strategies for the sectors most affected by climate change, including health.

The main health impacts expected for Liechtenstein are the increase of heatwave intensities combined with high tropospheric ozone concentrations, which represents the greatest climate-related risk posed to human health. Another important health risk of climate change is the occurrence of vector-borne diseases. There is still a great deal of uncertainty as to what future developments will be.

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Liechtenstein