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Country profiles






The sources used to compile the health and adaptation information for country profiles vary across countries. For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles) and 2019 adaptation reporting under the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. These two reporting mechanisms are together referred to here as “EU official reporting on adaptation”. Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until July 21, 2021), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021), the Adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches (2018) and the WHO study on Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018) are presented. Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information sources for non-EU member countries of the EEA are more limited. 

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Romania are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

National Action Plan for the implementation of the National Strategy on Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth 2016-2020

Romania 7th national communication and 3rd biennial report on climate change under the UNFCCC (2017)

National Health Strategy 2014-2020 

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Information from EU official reporting on adaptation. GovReg reporting (2021), MMR reporting (2019)

In July 2013, the Romanian Government adopted Romania's National Climate Change Strategy (NAS, 2013-2020) through the Governmental Decision no. 529/2013. This document establishes the post-Kyoto objectives, targets and actions for both mitigation and adaptation. The adaptation component from the Strategy aims to provide an action framework and guidelines to enable development of sector-specific action plans in line with the national strategic principles. The adaptation component addresses 13 sectors, including health.

In terms of sub-national policies and plans, 16 Romanian cities with a cumulative population of over 1.58 million citizens have submitted to date adaptation action plans as part of their Sustainable Energy and Action Plans under the Covenant of Mayors. Sectoral areas of action within these plans include health, amongst others.

From the 2016-2020 National Adaptation Plan (NAP), over 11 main studies have been started, each in a different phase of implementation. One of these studies is focused on the development of environmental monitoring activities by conducting research studies of factors with the potential to adversely affect public health.

Information from WHO publication. Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018)

A new version of the National Climate Change Strategy was approved by the government in October 2016 by Governmental Decision no. 739/2016. The updated strategy aims to develop and operationalise a comprehensive national climate change and low-carbon green growth strategy for 2016-2030, and an associated action plan on climate change for 2016-2020.

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Romania