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For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2023 and 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles). Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until 15 November 2023), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021). Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information from Governance Regulation reporting on adaptation (2023, 2021)

Health is one of 13 sectors analysed by the national Working Group on “Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change” within their work under the National System for Environmental Protection (Law n. 132/2016) to define a set of climate change impact indicators.

Good practices for health in the field of adaptation include:

  • Pilot Urban Heat Island forecasting and heat health warning systems: LIFE ASTI's forecasting systems integrate meteorological forecast and other types of data to anticipate Urban Heat Island occurrence in the cities. It differs from a regular weather forecast of heat wave events as it focuses on the negative impacts of heat on human health. Short-term warning systems, integrated with long-term urban adaptation planning, for the City of Rome, provide potential measures to improve the city living conditions during heatwave and Urban Heat Island occurrence.

An example of the health being addressed in municipal policy is Turin's Climate Resilience Plan, outlining an articulated local adaptation strategy to ensure health, liveability of the city, and continuity of services.

An example of a health sector adaptation measure to address vulnerable groups is the National Operational Plan for the prevention of the effects of heat on health (Ministry of Health and Department of Epidemiology of the Lazio Region), which encourages the activation of emergency protocols, call centres and support services for the most vulnerable.

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Italy are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

National strategy for adaptation to climate change

National Plan of Prevention 2020-2025

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Italy

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