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For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2023 and 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles). Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until 15 November 2023), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021). Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information from Governance Regulation reporting on adaptation (2023, 2021)

The health sector is covered in Adapting with ambition - National climate adaptation strategy 2016 (NAS, 2016) and the Implementation Programme 2018 – 2019 (NAP, 2018). The NAS incorporated the six main climate impact issues in its implementation programme, two of which are health specific: greater heat stress and greater health burden and loss of productivity.

The responsibility for adaptation requirements in health policies lies with the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports, supported by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. A National Heatwave Plan is in place, which is a communication plan aiming to bring simple precautions timely to the attention of risk groups and their immediate environment, in particular care providers and volunteers.

Research has been done on different aspects of climate change and health. In 2019, the Knowledge Agenda Climate Change and Health was published. The current NWA programme “Climate adaptation and health” contributes to climate adaptation in relation to health and a healthy living environment for people, animals, and plants. It has an integral and interdisciplinary approach based on collaboration between the physical environment, social and health care domains. The programme comprises of two projects: CliMate AdaptatioN for HealThy Rural Areas (MANTRA) and BluE and greeN Infrastructure desiGned to beat the urbaN heat (BENIGN)

An example of efforts to integrate climate change adaptation into sectoral policies, The National Approach Climate Adaptive Built Environment (2022-2024), focusses mainly on resilience against excessive rainfall and flooding and health (heat stress).

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Netherlands are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

National Climate Adaptation Strategy (2016)

Implementation programme 2018-2019

National Delta Programme 2022

National health policy memorandum/Landelijke nota gezondheidsbeleid 2020-2024

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Netherlands

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This translation is generated by eTranslation, a machine translation tool provided by the European Commission.