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Country profiles





The sources used to compile the health and adaptation information for country profiles vary across countries. For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles) and 2019 adaptation reporting under the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. These two reporting mechanisms are together referred to here as “EU official reporting on adaptation”. Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until July 21, 2021), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021), the Adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches (2018) and the WHO study on Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018) are presented. Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information sources for non-EU member countries of the EEA are more limited. 

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Poland are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

Polish National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change by 2020 with the perspective by 2030  

National Health Program (2016-2020) 

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Information from EU official reporting on adaptation. GovReg reporting (2021), MMR reporting (2019)

The National Adaptation Strategy (NAS) 2020 includes a description of the general characteristics of the climate, climate change occurring from 2007-2011, scenarios and impact on sensitive sectors until 2030. Furthermore, the document includes an analysis of climate change trends and impacts on health. Human health has also been covered in the risk assessments.

The overarching goal of the NAS is ensuring sustainable development and effective functioning of the economy and society in the conditions of climate change. Two of the main goals and actions focus on health: ensuring the functioning of an effective health care system in the conditions of climate change, and protection of vulnerable groups against the effects of adverse climatic phenomena.

Information from Adaptation preparedness scoreboard. Country fiches (2018)

The NAS 2020 identifies adaptation options based on climate risks and vulnerability assessment for selected sectors undertaken under the KLIMADA project, which includes health.

The NAS 2020 established three general principles to consider when identifying adaptation options. One principle is to determine priority actions in terms of the cost-effectiveness prioritising threats to health and human life and permanent loss and damages.

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Poland