Country profiles






The sources used to compile the health and adaptation information for country profiles vary across countries. For EU Member States, information is based on their official adaptation reporting: 2021 adaptation reporting under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (see EU Adaptation ReportingClimate-ADAPT Country Profiles) and 2019 adaptation reporting under the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. These two reporting mechanisms are together referred to here as “EU official reporting on adaptation”. Note: The relevant information has been copied from the EU official reporting on adaptation (submitted until July 21, 2021), without further elaborating the contents of the text. Some information, valid at the time of reporting, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

In addition, information collated in the EEA’s analysis of Climate change and health: the national policy review in Europe (2021), the Adaptation preparedness scoreboard country fiches (2018) and the WHO study on Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018) are presented. Note: Some information, valid at the time of publication, may no longer be valid today. Any necessary additions to the text are clearly highlighted. 

Information sources for non-EU member countries of the EEA are more limited. 

Information from EEA report. Climate change and health: the national policy overview in Europe (2022)

National policies on climate change adaptation and national health strategies were analysed to identify the coverage of climate-related impacts on health (physical, mental, and social) and the types of interventions addressing them. The report provides a European overview, while the geographical coverage of various aspects of national policies across Europe can be visualized using the map viewer. The results for Slovenia are summarised here.

Policy documents reviewed:

Strategic framework for climate change (2016) 

Slovenia 7th national communication and 3rd biennial report under the UNFCCC (2018) 

National Health Plan 2016-2025 

Aspects covered in the reviewed policy document:

Information from EU official reporting on adaptation.  GovReg reporting (2021), MMR reporting (2019)

The National Adaptation Strategy (NAS, 2016 [editors]) includes a description of the general climatic characteristics, climate change from 2007-2011, scenarios and impact on sensitive sectors until 2030. Based on the projections for climate variables, assessments of climate change impacts on health and other sectors are currently being prepared.

Since 2019, the research project "Establishment of monitoring of vectors and vector-borne diseases in Slovenia" co-funded by the Climate Change Fund is carried out by the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Ljubljana with partners. The aim of the project is to establish standardized procedures for monitoring mosquitoes and sandflies and determine the exact species of the diseases vectors as well as the prevalence of medically important pathogens in vectors, such as Dengue virus, Zika virus, Yellow fever virus, West Nile virus and Chikungunya virus. Data on the presence and distribution of the vectors and vector-borne pathogens together with environmental data, will be the basis for the risk assessment of emerging pathogen introduction of and the impact it will have on public health in Slovenia. The research will contribute both to the recognition of the current state, as well as to the control of the spread of emerging pathogens in Slovenia. The data will be the basis for continuous monitoring of vectors and emerging microorganisms in Slovenia. An early warning system for emerging pathogens in Slovenia will be established. The collected data will not only be useful for Slovenian public health professionals, but also for other European countries, as warmer temperatures have allowed many disease-carrying vectors to expand their distribution northwards and to higher altitudes in Europe.

Information from Adaptation preparedness scoreboard. Country fiches (2018)

Several specific assessments are planned to consider the needs of individual sectors, including  solar energy potential, biodiversity, human health, sea and coast, avalanches, occurrence of torrential floods, fire hazards.

Information from WHO publication. Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018)

In December 2016, the Slovenian government adopted a Strategic Framework for Climate Change Adaptation, which provides guidelines for planning and implementation of climate change adaptation measures.

Cooperation between public health and civil protection is strengthened through implementation of a national plan for protection and rescue in the event of epidemic or pandemic infections.

In 2015, the National Public Health Institute of Slovenia, in cooperation with other institutions, issued an inter-sectoral preparedness plan for West Nile virus. It includes a monitoring and surveillance plan, proposes public health measures, provides guidance for risk assessment and suggests a haemovigilance strategy, among others. The Institute cooperates with the veterinary authority to improve management of food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses. It has also issued guidance for managing food-borne outbreaks and other plans for zoonosis management.

A main priority for hospital healthcare system modernisation was listed within Slovenia’s operational programme for health for 2007-2014. This addresses construction, reconstruction and infrastructure modernisation in general hospitals with respect to environmental aspects, including reducing energy consumption and increasing the economic efficiency of buildings, and energy saving in the construction of new buildings or reconstruction of existing ones.

WHO case studies from publication. Public health and climate change adaptation policies in the European Union (2018)

Protecting vulnerable population groups during heatwaves

Heatwaves affect the population’s health in Slovenia. Major heatwaves occurred in the summers of 2003 and 2015, leading to excess deaths. To target measures effectively, it is important to identify the most vulnerable population groups in the national context. Analysis of data on the two heatwaves showed that the number of deaths among the most vulnerable groups –the elderly and those with circulatory diseases – increased in 2015 compared with 2003. This demonstrates that additional public health interventions are needed. A series of workshops across the country will be organised to increase awareness of the impact of heatwaves on population health.

Resources in the Observatory catalogue on Slovenia