Region's countries:
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden, Norway, Russia, Belarus

Baltic Sea

Detailed information including links to the most relevant documents on adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region is provided by the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) Climate Dialogue Platform.


Policy framework

a. Transnational cooperation programme

The Baltic Sea Region Programme aims to strengthen integrated territorial development and cooperation for a more innovative, better accessible and sustainable Baltic Sea Region. The programme supports the implementation of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. It belongs to the family of the INTERREG V transnational 2014-2020 programmes and forms part of the Cohesion policy of the European Union. The programme is designed to tackle issues that cannot sufficiently be dealt with by individual countries. Challenges that require a joint response by partners from several countries from the Baltic Sea Region include improving water quality and increasing maritime safety and security.

The programme will focus on the following four priorities:

  1. Capacity for innovation
  2. Efficient management for natural resources
  3. Sustainable transport
  4. Institutional capacity for macro-regional cooperation

The programme invests in the institutional capacities of public authorities, research institutions, sectoral agencies, as well as non-governmental organisations and enterprises.

Adaptation is covered under priority 2 related to water management and adaptation to climate change measures and prevention and management of climate related risks. The programme also has a number of horizontal principles including one related to adaptation - sustainable development.


b. Macro-region Strategies

The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR)  was the first macro-regional strategy in Europe. One of the EUSBSR's sub-objectives is climate change adaptation.

The EUBSR Horizontal Action CLIMATE, led by the CBSS Secretariat aims to promote coordinated actions between member states, sub-regions and relevant Baltic players. The overall objective is to mainstream climate action and support the BSR transformation into a low carbon economy and its capacity to adapt to climate change. The EU-funded EUSBSR Flagship project Baltadapt, a CBSS-Baltic 21 Lighthouse project, developed a BSR-wide Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan for the Baltic Sea Region. Both documents address climate change adaptation in an integrative manner for the entire region. Detailed information on adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region is provided by the BSR Climate Dialogue Platform which is a new CBSS initiative and the EUBSR Flagship.


c. Helsinki Convention

The Helsinki Convention is the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area that was agreed between Germany, Latvia, Sweden, Estonia, Finland, Denmark, Lithuania, Poland and Russia in 2000. It aims to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution through intergovernmental cooperation and covers the whole of the Baltic Sea area, including inland waters as well as the water of the sea itself and the sea-bed.


Assessments and projects

a. Projects funded in 2014-2020

The first 35 projects in the Interreg Baltic Sea Region programme for the funding period 2014-2020 have been approved. There were no adaptation specific projects.

A second call for project applications will be open from 1st March and closes on 1st June 2016. 75 project concepts, out of 212 submitted in June, were selected by the fifth meeting of the  Interreg Baltic Sea Region Monitoring Committee on 14. September 2016. Applications deadline was January and decision on financing is taken in May 2017.

 b. Projects funded in 2007-2013

The Baltadapt project developed a Strategy and accompanying Action Plan for adaptation to climate change in the Baltic Sea Region that was launched in September 2013.  One of the objectives of the Action Plan was to strengthen the capacity for adaptation action at all relevant levels through exchange of information. Baltadapt was also an information portal compiling available information on climate change impacts and adaptation in the BSR. It is aimed at decision-makers in the region and ran from 2010-2013.


c. Other policy and assessment initiatives not funded within the Transnational Programmes

Council of the Baltic Sea States Project Support Facility is based on voluntary contributions from the CBSS Member States and is instrument to finance project preparation and implementation focusing 3 long-term priority areas: Regional Identity; Sustainable and Prosperous Region as well Safe and Secure Region. During the first PSF period (2013-2015, with additional funding based on voluntary contributions of the CBSS Member States in 2016) 23 projects were funded. Latest call was open until 15.04.2017.

LIFE Climate Change Adaptation subprogram will co-finance action grants for best practice, pilot and demonstration projects that contribute to supporting efforts leading to increased resilience to climate change; that contribute to the development and implementation of Union policy on climate change adaptation, including mainstreaming across policy areas, in particular by developing, testing and demonstrating policy or management approaches, best practices and solutions for climate change adaptation.

 Search engine for funding opportunities of EUSBSR is found here.


Detailed information

Detailed information including links to the most relevant documents on adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region is provided by the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) Climate Dialogue Platform.


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