Last update:03 Mar 2017

Item Status Links
National adaptation strategy • Adopted (NAS)
Action plans • Planned
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments • Completed for 8 sectors (SHMU Project)
Research programs • Currently being undertaken
Climate services / Met Office • Established (SHMU)
Web portal • Being developed
Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies Being developed
Training and education resources
National Communication on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change • Last National Communication Submitted (2014) The Sixth National Communication of the Slovak republic on Climate Change

The Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic (MZP SR) is responsible for the development and implementation of climate change policy including the adaptation to climate change.
The High Level Committee for Coordination of the Climate Change Policy (the Coordination Committee) was established on January 15, 2012 at the state secretary level and is chaired by the State Secretary of the MZP SR. Two special working groups were created under the Coordination Committee: one of these was designed to prepare the Strategy of Adaptation of the Slovak Republic to the Adverse Impacts of Climate Change (hereinafter referred to as the "NAS"). The Working Group members included representatives from other ministries (the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of the Economy, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development), and other institutions, such as the Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic, the Regional Environmental Center, the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMU), the Slovak Academy of Science and other professional institutions, research and non-governmental organisations. The institution responsible for the NAS preparation was the MZP SR.

The preparation of the NAS had been stimulated by impacts of extreme weather events and the economic damages caused by these, as well as by the EU policy on adaptation (Regulation [EU] of the European Parliament and of the Council No. 525/2013; Under the EU Regulation the preparation of the NAS has become an ex ante conditionality of the Operational Programme Quality of the Environment 2014 – 2020, TO5: Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management).


The NAS was adopted by the government (Resolution No 148/2014) in March 2014 and through defined objectives, principles and criteria which prioritise proposed measures it creates a framework for adaptation processes in Slovakia. The document approved by government imposes tasks upon ministries and municipalities which should contribute to achieving the objectives of the NAS.

The update of the National adaptation strategy based on the latest available science will be undertaken in 2018. This timing is convenient because it provides an opportunity to incorporate the tasks and recommendations from the European adaptation strategy.

The NAS proposes set of adaptation measures in the following sectors: geological environment, water management, biodiversity, urban environment, health, agriculture, forest management, transport, energy, tourism, disaster risk management. Adaptation measures with positive impacts on public health are considered to be the top priority.

Preparation of the NAS was also connected with preparation of the new programming period 2014 – 2020 in order to ensure that the proposed adaptation measures are properly mainstreamed into the relevant Operational Programs. The executive authority of the Operational Program Quality of Environment is the MZP SR. Under this programme the ESIF 2014 – 2020 provides support for increasing the resilience to the impacts of climate change by reducing the risks related to floods (to receive over € 419 million Union support), for improved water management in agriculture, restoration of ecosystems and prevention of forest fires (€ 315 million Union support) and for promotion of risk management in the area of climate change (€ 261 million Union support). Other relevant operational programmes are: Operational Programme Integrated Infrastructure 2014 - 2020.

Rural Development Programme of the Slovak Republic 2014 - 2020, Integrated Regional Operational Programme 2014 - 2020.European Economic Area (EEA) Financial Mechanism and Norwegian financial mechanism 2009 – 2014 (SK02 Adaptation to Climate Change – Floods and Drought Prevention) provides support for regional project "Ondava for life" on effective, economically efficient and environmentally sustainable prevention of flooding.

At the local level many initiatives have been launched recently. The capital city Bratislava acceded to Mayors Adapt initiative in October 2014. The adaptation strategy of Bratislava (Stratégia adaptácie na nepriaznivé dôsledky zmeny klímy na území hlavného mesta SR Bratislavy) was adopted in September 2014. Other examples of local initiatives are Adaptation strategy of Trnava and Adaptation strategy on heat waves of Košice - Západ districts.

European Economic Area (EEA) Financial Mechanism and Norwegian financial mechanism provided awarded two projects in the frame of the call ACC02 SK02 Adaptation to Climate Change - Floods and Drought Prevention) in 2 Slovak cities – Bratislava and Zvolen.  Both projects are aiming on adaptation to climate change in urban areas, especially focusing on sustainable rainwater management. 

Capital city of Bratislava and Comenius University, Faculty of Natural sciences joined the partners consortium of Horizon2020 awarded project under the call Security DRS 9:Science and Innovation for adaptation to climate change, aiming to the standardisation of the  vulnerability assesment to climate change in urban areas. The project will start in May 2015 with the supposed project end in 2018.

Sector

Agreed/Planned

Name of the policy

Water management

Agreed

Health

 

 

Agreed, planned

 

 

Agriculture

Agreed

Forest management

Agreed

Biodiversity

Agreed

Energy  Agreed
  • National Action Plan for Energy from RES
  • 2014-2016 Energy Eficiency Action Plan
Transport
  • Agreed
  • Agreed
  • Agreed
  • The Strategic Plan for the Development of Transport Infrastructure of the SR 2020
  • Strategy of Development of Public Passenger Transport and Non-motorized Transport of the SR 2020
  • Protocol on Sustainable Transport to the Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathian Region
Disaster risk management
  • Agreed
  • Agreed
  • Agreed
Urban environment
  • Agreed
  • Actualization the National Strategy of Regional Development of the Slovak Republic

a) Observations and projections

National observations programmes
The framework for complex environmental monitoring in Slovakia has been determined by the resolutions of the Slovak Government No. 623/1990 Coll., No. 449/1992 Coll. and No. 620/1993 Coll. Monitoring subsystems are fundamental units of the National Monitoring System of Slovakia. Some of those subsystems are operated by the SHMU. The Monitoring Subsystem "Meteorology and Climatology" is one of the most important and it includes the observing networks of monitoring stations, remote sensing measurements and observations of some biological subjects (phenology). This subsystem collects data on weather conditions and their state and development in the regional climate subsystem. Other subsystems are focused on air, water and radioactivity monitoring. The SHMU provides data gathered through the monitoring subsystems for decision-making, management, research and development as well as for general public information. The SHMU operates 24 professional stations, about 75 classical climatic stations and about 550 precipitation stations with voluntary observers.

Implementation of the project POVAPSYS2 ensures greater availability of the precipitation data over the territory of the Slovak Republic in real time and provides for high quality of monitoring and forecasting meteorological and hydrological (floods) events.
The existing network of automatic weather stations will measure new quantitative and qualitative variables e.g. soil moisture, global radiation, precipitation occurrence and visibility. The output of all data will be in digital form as: images, maps, tables and reports formatted according to WMO standards (alphanumeric codes, binary codes BUFR and GRIB), the whole process will be automatic, without the need for human intervention. In addition to surface measurements of rainfall the radar measurements will allow the detection and alerting the existence of other hazardous phenomena, such as hail, dangerous wind shear, strong turbulence, squall etc. Radar measurements will be able to monitor individual storms and predict their location in the same advance. The extended meteorological network should allow for more precise monitoring of the climate system and for detecting its variability and changes as well.

National climate services associated with national observation and projection

The monitoring of drought has started this spring season on the web page of the SHMU in one week intervals for the most vulnerable regions of Slovakia. The monitoring and forecasting of forest fire risk is being updated daily on the web page of the SHMU.

National reference climate projections and scenarios

The climate change studies in Slovakia use the outputs from several Global General Circulation Models and Regional General Circulation Models. These outputs enable to design local and national climate change scenarios by methods of statistical and dynamic downscaling with the use of measured data from Slovak meteorological stations gathered in period 1951 – 2010. From 2010 to 2014 the GCMs CGCM3.1 (Canada) and ECHAM5 (Germany), Regional General Circulation Models KNMI (Netherlands) and MPI (Germany) outputs were applied. Climate change scenarios were designed as time series of average daily data (at air temperature also daily maximum and minimum) for meteorological and precipitation stations in Slovakia in the period 1951 – 2100 (about 40 meteorological and precipitation stations). Air temperature, air humidity, precipitation totals, global radiation and wind speed were the basic climatic variables. Other scenarios have been prepared as analogues, or by use physical equations and data from basic scenarios (snow cover, evapotranspiration, runoff, soil moisture etc.). The Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University in Bratislava and SHMU were the principal solvers in the field of national climate scenarios design.

b) Impacts & vulnerability assessment

The vulnerability of sectors of water management, biodiversity, health, agriculture, forest management, transport, energy, tourism was also deeply and in wider scale of areas assessed in the "Climate change impacts and possible adaptation measures in various sectors in Slovakia" report prepared by the SHMU. This document was the one of basic sources for preparing the NAS. Expected impacts of the climate change on the above sectors will differ according to the region. The risk of the negative climate change impact on the sectors was estimated in selected geomorphologic units. The impacts on GDP (Gross domestic product) and on the employment in mentioned sectors were also analysed using the modelling tools (CGE) and the elaborated approach with given level of aggregation determined by the first use and availability of data. This creates a very useful tool which will enhance preparation of further and deeper impact analyses of adaptation in Slovakia.

For more information regarding each of these areas please see: The Sixth National Communication of the Slovak Republic on Climate Change under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Kyoto Protocol.

c) Research

Scientific and research organisations have widely participated in research projects aimed at climate change impacts, economic impact assessment and identification of the adaptation measures, which provided inputs to the NAS.
As mentioned above the SHMU study on "Climate change impacts and possible adaptation measures in various sectors in Slovakia" provided valuable inputs to identify the adaptation options. Other R&D agencies, universities, the Slovak Academy of Sciences, and research institutes linked to ministries have included the adaptation in their research tasks.
Some Slovak institutions are participating in several international research projects, for example the Comenius University participates in the CC-TAME Project (Terrestrial Adaptation & Mitigation in Europe). The SHMU participates in the project Joint Disaster Management Risk Assessment and Preparedness in the Danube macro-region (SEE Risk) which is focused on risk assessment and with purpose to foster awareness and effectiveness of the measures in emergency situations caused by climate change.

a) Governance

The National Contact Point on Adaptation (MZP SR) provides communication with international organizations and coordinates national activities in collaboration with the Working Group on Adaptation (representatives from other ministries, other professional institutions, research and non-governmental organisations). The Working Group on Adaptation provides adaptation activities in the area of its competence, collaborates with professional institutions and other relevant organizations and is responsible for preparation of the documents for the Coordination committee and for decision-making. The Coordination Committee defines the main tasks and gives overall lines for further policy-making processes on adaptation.

Creation of the coordinating mechanism that should guarantee information transfer and awareness throughout the process of adaptation is considered to be the greatest benefit of the NAS. Various stakeholders participated in different phases of the NAS preparation and it is expected that through proposed mechanism it would secure better coordination of adaptation processes in future (as given in strategy) as well as enhanced cooperation in the implementation and monitoring phases. During the preparation of the NAS the representatives from national and sub-national governmental bodies and also representatives of various NGOs (e.g. The Carpathian Development Institute) and organised interest groups (e.g. insurance, industry) were involved actively, while the private sector and general public were informed about the NAS.

b) Adaptation capacity, dissemination, education, training

In the near future, during the implementation of the adaptation policy, authorities at both national and sub-national levels are expected to be involved and informed more systematically. Stakeholders from the private sector, research and science institutions and the general public will be informed via dedicated web page to bring all relevant information on adaptation. All other information tools such as seminars or special events should be better employed, too. For now the MZP SR publishes some information about the climate change, mitigation and adaptation on its website (http://www.minzp.sk/sekcie/temy-oblasti/ovzdusie/politika-zmeny-klimy/aktualne-temy/adaptacia.html). Links to other sources (Climate-ADAPT, EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, EEA, UNFCCC etc.) can be found on this page.
Through the EEA and Norwegian financial mechanism 2009 – 2014 are supported elaboration and promotion of the primary and secondary schools' curricula with respect to rainwater management its relation to climate change – "Blue Schools".

Ministry of Environment of the Slovak republic
Climate Change Department
Námestie Ľ. Štúra 1
812 35 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

Contact: Lenka Chocholova (email: lenka.chocholova@enviro.gov.sk)

 

Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute
Jeséniova 17
833 15 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

 

Document Actions