a. Transnational cooperation programme
The transnational European Cooperation Programme for the Mediterranean area, ‘Interreg MED Programme', belongs to the family of the INTERREG V transnational 2014-2020 programmes and forms part of the Cohesion policy of the European Union. The Programme aims to promote sustainable growth in the Mediterranean area by fostering innovative concepts and practices (technologies, governance, innovative services). It will also encourage the sustainable use of natural and cultural resources and support social integration, through an integrated and territorially based cooperation approach.
The Programme brings together partner states from 13 countries. Its transnational setup allows countries to tackle challenges beyond national borders, such as the rise of low carbon economy, the protection of natural and cultural resources and the strengthening of innovation.
For the period 2014 - 2020 the MED programme will focus on four priorities:
- To promote innovation capacities to develop smart and sustainable growth
- To foster low carbon strategies and energy efficiency
- To protect and promote the Mediterranean natural and cultural resources
- To enhance the Mediterranean transnational governance
During this period, the Programme is expected to:
- Foster innovation of public and private actors involved in green and blue growth sectors, creative industries and social economy;
- Raise capacity for better management of energy in public buildings;
- Increase access and use of sustainable transports systems;
- Improve the level of sustainability of tourism in Mediterranean (MED) coastal regions, through better cooperation and joint and integrated planning.
The MED Programme 2014-2020 makes explicit references to adaptation under the priority 2 and the relevant investment priorities (4e). Adaptation is also included in the possible foci of the funded projects, as well as the areas to which the projects will contribute. In addition to the thematic orientation, the MED programme addresses three horizontal thematic aspects highlighted in EU regulations, including that of sustainable development.
b. Macro-region strategies
Assessments and projects
a. Projects funded in 2014-2020
- Horizontal projects:
The pre-application phase of the call for Horizontal projects was opened from the 10th November 2015 to the 11th January 2016. The application is being conducted in two phases: a. a pre-application phase from 10th November 2015; b. a full application phase from March 2016
- Modular projects:
The first call for modular project proposals was opened on 3rd November 2015. After the assessment and approval phase, projects are expected to start in September 2016.
b. Projects funded in 2007 - 2013
COASTANCE (Regional COmmon Action STrategy Against Coastal Erosion and climate change) provides for sustainable coastal planning in the Mediterranean basin.
FOR CLIMADAPT is involved with the adaptation of Mediterranean woodlands to climate change impacts.
Other policy and assessment initiatives
a. UNEP Mediterranean Action Plan
The United Nations Environment Programme Mediterranean Action Plan for the Barcelona Convention (UNEP/MAP) is a regional cooperative effort involving 21 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the European Union. Through the MAP, the contracting parties to the Barcelona Convention and its protocols aim to meet the challenges of protecting the marine and coastal environment while boosting regional and national plans to achieve sustainable development. Climate change adaptation is not explicitly included, however environment and sustainable development are included.
b. Mediterranean Climate Change Initiative (MCCI)
The mission of the Mediterranean Climate Change Initiative (launched in Greece in 2010) is to contribute to the emergence of low carbon, resource efficient and climate resilient economies in the Mediterranean and its objective will be to undertake strategic policy development work on climate change adaptation and low carbon development relevant to the entire Mediterranean region.