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Central Europe

Policy framework

a Transnational Cooperation Programme

The Central Europe Programme belongs to the family of the INTERREG V transnational 2014-2020 programmes and forms part of the Cohesion policy of the European Union. The objective of the programme is to cooperate beyond borders in central Europe to make its cities and regions better places to live and work. The focus of the programme is on policy-learning and implementation-oriented approaches at the transnational level, while building regional capacities based on integrated, bottom-up approaches that involve and coordinate relevant actors from all governance levels. 

For the period 2014-2020, the programme will focus on four priorities:

  1. Innovation to increase the competitiveness of the region;
  2. Low-carbon strategies;
  3. Natural and cultural resources for sustainable growth in the region;
  4. Transport to improve connectivity of the region.

During this period, the programme is expected to improve:

  • Sustainable linkages among actors of the innovation systems for strengthening regional innovation capacity, and skills and entrepreneurial competences towards the advancement of economic and social innovation;
  • Integrated environmental management capacities for the protection and sustainable use of natural heritage and resources;
  • Capacities for the sustainable use of cultural heritage and resources
  • Planning and coordination of regional passenger transport systems for better connections to national and European transport networks

Adaptation is included within Priority 3 associated with resource efficiency, climate change mitigation and adaptation. Adaptation is also part of the horizontal principles of the programme particularly sustainable development - climate change mitigation and adaptation, disaster resilience and risk prevention and management. There are opportunities for policy support and development of networks to increase awareness about climate change effects and adaptation measures.

b  Macro-region strategies

Some areas of the Central Europe region overlap with other macro-regions that may have relevant information in their strategies. These are the Danube macro-region and the Alpine macro-region.

 c Carpathian Convention

The Carpathian Convention is a sub-regional treaty to foster the sustainable development and the protection of the Carpathian region. It aims to improve the quality of live, strengthen local economies and communities, and conserve the natural values and cultural heritage of the Carpathian area. It provides a framework for cooperation, a platform for developing joint strategies for sustainable development, and a forum for dialogue between all stakeholders involved.

It was signed in May 2003 by seven Carpathian States (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic, and Ukraine). It is the only multi-level governance mechanism covering the whole of the Carpathian area and, besides the Alpine Convention, the second sub-regional treaty-based regime for the protection and sustainable development of a mountain region worldwide.

Detailed information including links to the most relevant documents on adaptation in the Carpathian Mountains is provided by the Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention based on submission from the Convention´s Working Group on Adaptation to Climate Change


Assessments and projects

a Projects funded in 2014-2020

The Central Europe Programme closed its first call for proposals on 4th December 2015. Results will be available mid-April 2016. A second call for project proposals will open towards the end of April 2016.

b. Projects funded in 2007-2013

The project ‘Adaptive Management of Climate-induced Changes of Habitat Diversity in Protected Areas' (HABIT-CHANGE) evaluated the likely habitat changes caused by climate change and the need for adaptation of the wetlands, forests, grasslands, and alpine habits within Central and Eastern Europe.

The project ‘Central European Flood Risk Assessment and Management in CENTROPE' (CEframe) and aims to improve flood protection management focusing on the Danube river (Dunaj, Duna), the Thaya river (Dyje), the March River (Morava) and the Leitha river (Lajta).

European Lakes Under Environmental Stressors (Supporting lake governance to mitigate the impact of climate change) (EULAKES). The project aimed to enhance the participative, integrated planning and sustainable management of lake basins in response to climate change and other environmental stressors for 4 EU lakes – Garda, Balaton, Neusiedl and Charzykowskie.

INARMA (INtegrated Approach to Flood Risk Management). The project aimed to test and adopt a flood forecasting system (software tool and guidance manual) to alert the Civil Defense force (local government, agencies and emergency services) and the population. It is aimed at preventing unexpected flash flooding in small and secondary river basins to reduce the risk of human and economic losses.

Development and application of mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures for counteracting the global Urban Heat Islands phenomenon (UHI). The project raised awareness of UHI, triggered the development of plans and developed a Decision Support system (DSS).These outputs together aimed to provide rules and policies for planning new or retrofitted urban areas less exposed to UHI phenomenon and action plans that will mitigate the impact of UHI on citizens' health in existing Central Europe cities.

Adaptation to flood risk in the LABE-ELbe river basin (LABEL). The main elements of the project involved cooperation between spatial planning and water management authorities in flood risk management issues, the development of strategies and measures for adaptation to flood risk and a comprehensive communication strategy to raise public awareness.

Take a Breath! - Adaptation Actions to reduce adverse health impacts of air pollution (TAB). The projected aimed to develop Adaptation Action Plans containing a set of integrated tools and actions, aiming at reducing and mitigating air pollution effects at local/regional levels.


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